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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Have you followed our author guidelines for preparing your manuscipt?

Author Guidelines

  • Preparing Manuscript

The journal requires manuscripts to be written in good English language and free of grammatical errors. Each type of manuscript has specific requirements and should follow the instructions listed below:

Original Articles:

Title page: The title, author's name(s), institution(s) or affiliation(s), personal e-mail address of all authors, and declaration of one author as corresponding author should be included.

Structured abstract: It should contain a concise presentation of the entire work, with a maximum of 250 words, and written under the following subheadings: Objectives, Methodology, Results, and Conclusion.

Text: It should be arranged under Introduction, Methodology, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Declarations, and References headings.

Introduction/background: It should start broad and then narrow down, addressing what is known, what is not known, and why the study is done.

Methodology: It should contain enough information for the study to be replicated and include the study setting, duration, sampling technique, sample size estimation, sample selection, study design, data collection procedure, and data analysis.

Results: Data should be summarized in the form of tables or figures, with only the necessary parts included in the text.

Discussion: It should be distributed into paragraphs highlighting the important findings of the study, comparison and difference with other studies, implications for readers, future research direction, and strength and limitations of the study.

Conclusion: It should summarize the study and be drawn from the results and discussion.

References: They should be cited consecutively as numerical in parentheses before the period and written in Vancouver Style.

Tables and Figures (or Images): They should be on separate pages, numbered consecutively, and positioned in the text.

Systematic Reviews / Meta-Analysis:

Structured abstract: It should contain a concise presentation of the entire work, with a maximum of 250 words, and written under the following subheadings: Objectives, Methodology, Results, and Conclusion.

Introduction: It should include the rationale, objectives, and research question.

Methodology: It should contain study design, participants, interventions, comparators, systematic review protocol, search strategy, data sources, studies sections, and data extraction, and data analysis.

Results: It should provide a flow diagram of the studies retrieved for the review, study selection and characteristics, synthesized findings, and risk of bias.

Discussion: It should summarize the main findings, limitations, and conclusions.

Declarations: They should include ethics approval and consent to participate, consent to publish, availability of data and materials, competing interests, funding, authors' contributions, and acknowledgments.

Case Reports/Case Series:

Abstract: It should contain a single paragraph and not exceed 1500 words, with a maximum of 10 references, three figures, or three tables.

Text: It should be organized under summary, introduction, case presentation, discussion, conclusion, and declarations headings.

Declarations: They should include ethics approval and consent to participate, consent to publish, availability of data and materials, competing interests, funding, authors' contributions, and acknowledgments.

Rapid/Special/Short Communications:

It should be a short pilot study, not merely a preliminary report, with a maximum word count of 1500 words, one figure, and/or one table.

Letters to the Editor and Editorials:

They are not bound to a specific structure but should follow the same instructions for writing and reference style.

Before submission, all authors should agree that the submission has not been previously published, nor under consideration by any other journal.

Ethical considerations of Publishing with us:

Ethical issues are critical considerations in the publishing of articles. They ensure that the integrity of research is maintained and that researchers adhere to a set of ethical principles. Below are some guidelines for ethical issues in publishing an article in our journal:

Plagiarism: Plagiarism is the act of presenting someone else's work as one's own. It is important to ensure that all sources used in the article are appropriately cited, and that the article is original.

Data fabrication and falsification: Fabrication involves inventing data or results that do not exist, while falsification involves altering data or results to suit the research objectives. These practices compromise the integrity of the research and can lead to inaccurate conclusions.

Conflicts of interest: Conflicts of interest arise when the authors have financial or personal relationships that can influence the research results or conclusions. Authors must disclose any potential conflicts of interest in their articles.

Informed consent: Informed consent is crucial, particularly in research involving human subjects. Researchers must obtain written consent from their subjects before collecting any data.

Animal research: Researchers must adhere to strict ethical guidelines when conducting animal research. These guidelines ensure that animals are treated humanely and that their welfare is safeguarded.

Authorship: Authorship should be based on substantial contributions to the research. All authors should have participated in the research, be aware of the article's content, and agree to its publication. Address potential conflicts of interest among authors and contributors, such as financial or personal relationships that may influence the research. 

Retractions and corrections: In cases where errors or ethical issues are identified in published articles, retractions and corrections should be made promptly to prevent dissemination of inaccurate or misleading information.

Author contributions: 

The manuscript should clearly define the roles and responsibilities of each author in the research project. This should include details about who contributed to the conception and design of the study, data acquisition and analysis, manuscript preparation, and other aspects of the research. 

 Include an author contributions statement in the manuscript, outlining the specific contributions of each author to the research project. This statement should be written in a clear and concise manner and should be placed in the manuscript after the acknowledgments section.

 Acknowledge non-author contributors: Acknowledge non-author contributors who have made significant contributions to the research project, such as technical assistance or data analysis. These individuals should be recognized in the acknowledgments section of the manuscript.

 By following these guidelines, authors can help to ensure transparency and accountability in their research projects and prevent issues related to authorship disputes or conflicts of interest.


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